Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

TOXICOLOGY SYMPOSIA REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46--51

Organophosphorus poisoning: A social calamity


Udit Narang1, Purvasha Narang2, OmPrakash Gupta1 
1 Department of Medicine, MGIMS, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, MGIMS, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Udit Narang
Department of Medicine, MGIMS, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra
India

Poisoning with organophosphorus (OP) compounds is a global public health problem. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 3 million cases of pesticide (mainly OP compounds) poisoning occur every year, resulting in an excess of 250,000 deaths. Of these, about 1 million are accidental, and 2 million are suicidal poisonings. The incidence has steadily increased in the recent past and has reached a level in the developing countries, where it can be called a DQsocial calamity.DQ Diagnosis is mainly on clinical grounds. The wellknown antidotes of OP poisonings are atropine and oximes. However, investigations over the recent years have introduced new adjunct therapy and cheap medications such as sodium bicarbonate and magnesium sulfate as well as antioxidants that should be considered for the management of OP poisoning. While efficacy of atropine is clinically proven, clinical experience with pralidoxime has been controversial. A lot of new modalities of management like K-oximes, hemoperfusion, and Fresh frozen plasma are under evaluation. Prevention still appears to be the best modality of management. Appropriate legislations and pesticides control are recommended for the developing countries to prevent occupational, accidental, and intentional poisonings.


How to cite this article:
Narang U, Narang P, Gupta O. Organophosphorus poisoning: A social calamity.J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci 2015;20:46-51


How to cite this URL:
Narang U, Narang P, Gupta O. Organophosphorus poisoning: A social calamity. J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Sep 26 ];20:46-51
Available from: https://www.jmgims.co.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9903;year=2015;volume=20;issue=1;spage=46;epage=51;aulast=Narang;type=0