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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-41

Change in periodontal status, oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices following video-based counseling: A cross-sectional study

Department of Periodontology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jananni Muthu
Department of Periodontology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmgims.jmgims_47_20

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Background: Periodontal disease is one among the most common oral health problems which are prevalent among the adult population throughout the world. There is a notable lack of awareness related to oral hygiene-related practice among transgenders, a vulnerable group of population who face social stigma. Materials and Methods: 156 participants comprising 52 each of transgenders (Group T), males (Group M,) and females (Group F) were recruited. The oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and practices were estimated by means of a prevalidated questionnaire. The periodontal status, in terms of modified gingival index (MGI) and modified Community Periodontal Index (M-CPI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL), was estimated pre- and post-video counseling. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Kruskal–Wallis test were used to compare scores. Results: The MGI scores were comparatively higher among Group T when compared to groups M and F before (1.72 ± 0.8) and after (0.93 ± 0.9) the video intervention (P < 0.005). The bleeding component of M-CPI, was highest in group F (23.35), followed by group T (21.8) and group M (19.71). The CAL comparisons were in the order of M > T > F while PPD followed F > T > M. Conclusion: The periodontal disease was marginally high among females, while the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices were observed to be poor among them. Video-based education improved the periodontal status, oral hygiene related knowledge, attitude, and practices of all male, female, and transgender populations.

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