Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

MCQS
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 117--118

Multiple choice questions on toxicology


 

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How to cite this article:
. Multiple choice questions on toxicology.J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci 2015;20:117-118


How to cite this URL:
. Multiple choice questions on toxicology. J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Sep 19 ];20:117-118
Available from: http://www.jmgims.co.in/text.asp?2015/20/1/117/151735


Full Text

1. A person was brought by police from the railway platform. He is talking irrelevant. He is having dry mouth with hot skin, dilated pupils, staggering gait and slurred speech. The most probable diagnosis is

Alcohol intoxicationCarbamates poisoningOrganophosphorous poisoningDhatura poisoning

2. Regarding methanol poisoning assertion: Administration of ethanol is one of the treatment modalities

Reason: Ethanol inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase

Please select the most correct option from the following:

Both assertion and reason are true, and the reason is the correct explanation for the assertionBoth assertion and reason are true, and the reason is not the correct explanation for the assertionAssertion is true, but the reason is falseAssertion is false, but the reason is true

3. In methyl alcohol poisoning, there is central nervous system depression, cardiac depression and optic nerve atrophy. These effects are produced due to:

Formaldehyde and formic acidAcetaldehydePyridineAcetic acid

4. A 39-year-old carpenter has taken two bottles of liquor from the local shop. After about an hour, he develops confusion, vomiting and blurring of vision. He has been brought to the emergency department. He should be given

NaloxoneDiazepamFlumazelnilEthyl alcohol

5. Phosphine liberated in the stomach in aluminum phosphide poisoning is toxic to all except

LungsKidneysLiverHeart

6. Paraquat poisoning causes

Renal failureCardiac failureRespiratory failureMultiple organ failure

7. Ecstasy toxicity causes

HypereflexiaTrismusDilated pupilsVisual hallucinationsAll of the above

8. A housewife ingests a rodenticide white powder accidentally. She is brought to hospital where the examination shows generalized, flaccid paralysis and an irregular pulse. electrocardiogram shows multiple ventricular ectopics, generalized changes with ST-T. Serum potassium is 2.5 mEq/L. The most likely ingested poison is:

Barium carbonateSuper warfarinsZinc phosphideAluminum phosphide

9. All of the following are treatment options for toxic alcohol poisoning except

FomepizoleHydroxycobalaminThiamineFolic acidPyridoxine

10. Hyperthermia in a patient of poisoning is a pointer to all except

EcstasySelective serotonin reuptake inhibitorSalicylatesChlorpromazine

11. Ophotoxemia refers to

Organophosphorous poisoningHeavy metal poisoningScorpion venom poisoningSnake venom poisoning

12. Elapidaes are

VasculotoxicNeurotoxicMusculotoxicNontoxic

13. The most useful bedside test to suggest snake bite envenomation is

Prothrombin time20 min whole blood clotting timeInternational normalized ratioPlatelet count

14 A 12-year-old boy had an alleged history of snake bite and presented to the hospital with inability to open eyes well and difficulty in breathing. He is very anxious and is having tachycardia and tachypnea. On examination bite mark cannot be visualized and there is no swelling of the limb. He has bilateral ptosis. His 20 min whole blood clotting test is good quality. What is the next course of action?

Don't give anti-snake venom (ASV), but observe the patientGive ASV and keep the patient in observationGive ASV, and give neostigmine and observe the patientReassure the patient and send him home with anxiolytic

15. Magnan's symptoms are characteristic symptoms with which poisoning?

AlcoholCharasCocaineEcstasy

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