• Users Online: 61
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-95

Pemphigus – A clinical study with clinico-immuno-histopathologic correlation

1 Department of Dermatology, Sree Gokulam Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. P N Mini
Department of Dermatology, Sree Gokulam Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmgims.jmgims_18_16

Rights and Permissions

Background: Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with an incidence of <2 cases per 100,000 population. The aim is to evaluate the clinical pattern and to study the correlation between clinical, histopathological, and immunofluorescence findings in pemphigus. Materials and Methods: All newly registered patients with flaccid blisters and erosions on the skin with/without oral erosions during 2 years from May 2009 to April 2011 were evaluated by detailed history, clinical examination, cytological, pathological, and direct immunofluorescence studies, and results correlated. Results: Of the 43 patients studied, 36 (83.72%) had pemphigus vulgaris and 7 (16.28%) had pemphigus foliaceus with maximum patients in the age group of 40–59 years and M:F ratio of 1:1.3. Cytologically, acantholytic cells were demonstrated in 88.37%, histopathological correlation was seen in 100% cases, and direct immunofluorescence was positive in 97.37% of the 38 cases in which it was performed. Conclusion: Clinico-immuno-histopathologic correlation is seen in most cases of pemphigus, and although a combination of clinical, cytological, histopathological, and immunofluorescence findings virtually eliminates the chances of error in the diagnosis of pemphigus, histopathology may suffice in most cases.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded99    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal